How is GST Determined Using Aggregate Turnover?

Since the implementation of GST Registrations, business in India has seen a significant change. Due to this, several taxes now fall under a single heading. As a result, the tax system functions effectively. It offers tax collecting transparency. A GST calculator may be used to easily calculate the amount of GST that an individual or a  business needs to pay. 


What is GST 


GST is a centralised tax system that was approved by parliament on March 29, 2017. It was implemented in the Indian market on July 1, 2017. The GST registration method originated from the VAT idea (Value Added Tax). This is added at each level of the company’s development. It is an indirect tax that has mostly supplanted other types of taxes in the corporate structure. When a company registers, it is assigned a GST number, which allows the government to keep a record of tax-paying businesses and discover tax fraud.


What are GST Payments


GST payments are transactions that include a company’s unpaid Goods and Services Tax balance that must be paid on a constant schedule. It is one of the most important requirements for a company’s compliance. 


What is the Procedure for Calculating GST?


The GST is computed based on a company’s annual revenue. The sum of taxable supplies, exempted supplies, exports of goods or services, and interstate supplies is used to calculate a company’s turnover. The sum of taxable supplies, exempt supplies, exports of goods or services, and interstate supplies is used to estimate a company’s turnover. 

In addition, the HSN (Harmonised System of Nomenclature) or SAC (Services Accounting Code) code of the taxable items and services must be ascertained. The rate of GST services is divided into five brackets: 0%, 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. Identifying the code will assist you in calculating the percentage of the imposed tax.


Here is a step-by-step process to assist you in evaluating your GST payments.


  • To calculate the total GST payments that a company owes to the appropriate government agencies, the Input Tax Credit (ITC) must first be subtracted from the external tax liabilities.
  • The Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) will then be reduced from the Tax Collected at Source (TCS) in order to determine the net amount owed by the company.
  • The final value will be calculated by adding interest and late fees (if any) to the total.


Alternatively, you may accomplish the same action using the GST calculator. It is easily available on any of the third-party search engines free of cost.


What is the GST Framework for Business Structures


The normal category and the special category are the two categories in which business operations fall.


  • Normal Category


In the normal category, the turnover of any business falls between ₹40 Lakhs to ₹1.50 Crores, and these companies may file an under-compensation plan. 


  • Special Category

The companies having a turnover between ₹20 Lakhs to ₹75 Lakhs are counted under the special category. 


However, if the services’ revenue is between ₹20 and ₹50 Lakhs, it is possible to file an under-compensation plan. The sum is ₹10 Lakhs for the special category. The turnover for the compensation plan is used to determine the amount of outgoing tax that must be paid. 


What Charges are Collected Under GST?


As a taxpayer, you must have a thorough understanding of the various GST payments that must be made in accordance with this tax system. Here are further specifics about the matter.


  • IGST (Integrated Goods and Services Tax): The federal government levies IGST on goods and services that are transferred between states.

  • CGST (Central Goods and Services Tax): All taxes that were formerly collected as centralised indirect taxes are now included in the CGST. The state’s internal transportation of goods and services is taxed by the central government.

  • SGST (State Goods and Services Tax): SGST is a type of tax that the state government imposes on the supply of goods and services within its borders.


How is the GST Percentage Influenced by Business Structures


India has classified goods and services into four separate tax slabs, which are used to collect the monthly GST. You may refer to the table below to know more. 


Applicable Tax Percentage Products Services
5% Petroleum products, Edible items, Fertilizers, Apparel, Medicines, Handicrafts, etc Flight tickets, Print media, Tailoring, Tour operator, etc.
12% Dairy products, Processed food, Dryfruits, Cooking utensils, etc Business class flight tickets, Hotel stays, Real estate constructions, etc
18% Capital goods, Household products, Eatables, Electronics, Make-up and beauty, etc Restaurants, Parties, Telecom and IT services, etc.
28% Tobacco, Caffeinated beverages, LPG, CNG, AC, Fax machines, etc Entertainment, 5-star hotel stays, Gambling, Sports events, etc


Penalties for Late or Missed GST Payments


If your GST payment is late or not made at all, a late interest penalty of 18% must be paid. You must also pay late fees, which can total more than ₹10,000 or 10% of your total tax liability.


Concluding Comments 


Today, obtaining a GST number is one of the most crucial steps in the establishment of any firm; without one, there is no progress to be made. A country cannot advance without its citizens paying taxes to the government. The many types of businesses are what assist generate income and raise the country’s GDP. In order to calculate the company-related turnover, tax, and revenue at the end of the day, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the business structure and tax structures.